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Medical Treatment of Rosacea

By January 5, 2022No Comments

What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic, non-contagious skin condition often compared to acne. It is characterized by redness or inflammation, broken blood vessels, and pimples on the face. In some cases, it also affects the neck, chest, and scalp. It is most commonly found in women over the age of 30, but can affect people of any race, sex or age.

What Causes Rosacea?

The direct cause of rosacea is unknown. The symptoms are typically due to small blood vessels in the face enlarging, resulting in a red, inflamed appearance. Some individual’s symptoms may worsen with various triggers, such as sun exposure, certain foods, or heavy exercise.

What are the Types of Rosacea?

Rosacea is categorized into four different types, differentiable by their symptoms.

Type I Vascular – Characterized by frequent redness and inflammation. Type I may also include swelling as well as stinging or burning sensations.

Type II Inflammatory – Identified by acne-like pimples and a continual inflammation of the skin. Type II can be seen in combination with type I, including the same burning or stinging symptoms.

Type III Late – Type III is characterized by an enlargement of the nose and small spider veins near the surface of the skin.

Type IV Ocular – Those with type IV rosacea experience symptoms in the eyes that include burning, itching, stinging, and sensitivity to light. They may also have bloodshot eyes or blurred vision.

How is Rosacea Treated?

Since the cause of rosacea is not known, it cannot be completely cured. However, its symptoms can be effectively treated through both oral and topical antibiotics. Laser treatments are also an effective way to reduce inflammation and other symptoms, and are considered to be the most effective long-term treatment for the condition.

Intense pulsed light therapy, also called IPL, works by sending pulses of multi-wavelength light into the sub-layers of skin. Because it uses light, this treatment is also referred to as a photofacial. The light heats up the tissue for various beneficial results, including constricting blood vessels that are causing rosacea symptoms. The blood vessels are prevented from carrying out the overly sensitive vascular response that leads to redness. It may take a few treatment sessions to reach desired results.

Fractional laser skin resurfacing sends laser energy below the skin to vaporize the unnecessary, inflamed blood vessels causing facial redness.

Laser resurfacing also improves the overall appearance of your skin and face. Like a photofacial, laser therapy typically requires multiple sessions to achieve great results, which can last for many months or years before retouching may be needed.

Hydrafacial is a wonderful option if you are interested in a relaxing, spa-like treatment. This soothing facial removes impurities and feeds the skin with nourishing serums. Water molecules, hyaluronic acid, and antioxidants are infused directly into the tissue. Although this facial provides a wide array of benefits, for people with rosacea it has the added effect of calming redness and improving skin texture. Results are immediate and you can go right back to your day after the appointment.

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